The normal way to find them is in the form of upright shrub with many branches and a size that can move from two meters.
Leaves simple, green, deciduous or evergreen, the edges are somewhat jagged.
Flowering occurs in spring and lasts until late autumn, after flowering red berries appear dark in some areas tend to consume.
Single or double flowers, large or small, that appear at the end of the reeds, the flower is attached by a long stalk something pink hanging flowers or erect. Normally the calyx and petals are of different colors.
This variety is a deciduous, bushy growth, can reach up to 0.50 x 0.50 mts., Large double flowers, white pink tube and sepals and white corolla, this variety is obtained in 1977 in Britain Ryle by Nancy Lou varieties and Ingram Maid. It is a variety which can be made standard.
The best situation for this plant is a medium shade for the sun may cause leaf burn and is used as plants to form clumps in hanging pots and even pebbles.
He likes high humidity and you can even spray.
If you have to endure the rustic frost usually sprout in spring if the thermometer does not fall below -12 degrees. Should be protected in winter giving a heavy pruning and covering with straw or leaves the foot of the plant materials are as we say blanket on the ground several degrees below the material.
It is possible to grow them indoors if they are fresh and bright.
Water should be applied every time you notice that the substrate is dry and the roots must have a good gas exchange, air to circulate through the land as they can be damaged with excessive moisture, we must take into account the water retention substrate and a large plant in the summer may need 2 to 4 liters of water and to increase this retention can be incorporated into products that make natural reserve as Diatomaceous silica, a product of last generation.
If grown in pots, the soil must be somewhat acidic, loose and well nourished; abroad be careful that the soil drains well. If grown in pots is to know whether the irrigation water is hard or not hard because if there is any way to acidify such as citric acid.
When potting soil becomes poorer you can go to chemical fertilizers and manure can be provided that are slowly incorporating as empildorados, or foliar fertilizers such as Osmocote is a way to incorporate it quickly.
In spring before it begins to sprout, you can reduce the volume of the rootball cutting it a little to provide new substrate.
Pinched plants frequently produce denser, more compact and taking advantage of the winter you have to use scissors to remove broken or diseased branches, shoots that appear from the root, called tillers.
If we get real balls of flowers when the plant already has a good skeleton and after the sprouting spring, we must eliminate ALL branches of the plant apex of the cane, either with fingers or scissors.
At first, the clip can remove the first flowers but in the long run to produce many more branches to sprout below the pinched area, flowering will be longer and more abundant. The clip can be to remove the last two inches of stem or even declining over leaving at least two knots from the birthplace of a branch. Keep in mind that this plant is somewhat delicate stems, wind or sudden movement can break them, there are even varieties that if we let all the flowers in the field, the weight can break so you should consider whether s should eliminate some of the buds.
There are varieties that lend themselves to train them in standard (a tree with its trunk and crown), to achieve this is to choose the best straight branch, possibly trellising and using scissors to give it that way; plots are chosen to be that if apical cuttings, these are easier to use to give this form to the plant and burying it is not appropriate (at the time to do the cutting) more than a knot because for them there is a budding appearing later we emerged from the land. It is desirable that the stem forms the trunk is a little thicker and faster to get the start but rather how Afee, I suggest leaving some lateral branches at least 4 or 6 inches long and so the sap does not go very fast it takes up the little side branches and allows the trunk to be better fed, thicken, and once we deem the standard trunk is thick enough, you can remove side branches to be completely.
Do not forget to remove the fruit appear after flowering as they take effect on the ground and rot are the source of fungal diseases.
PESTS AND DISEASES
These plants may have problems with aphids, leafminers, whiteflies, spider mites, thrips and even snails and slugs. It is very common attack by botrytis can occur if you have rotting leaves or flowers between the plant and is very normal appearance of rust.
if the plant is large, heavy pruning can give and make a division of kills, but the normal method used and the cutting of young wood, cuttings tend to “turn on” in 10 or 15 days especially if you keep the humidity high. To increase the percentages can be used in liquid rooting hormones (to keep the cuttings in a few hours soaking) or powder (put the cutting in contact with the product, shakes a bit and put it on earth. In addition to using hormones one would come better, the hormone is often used in powdered cuttings more tender and liquid for the older wood.
It is important to use sterile material (soil, pots, and tools) to prevent fungi such as Botrytis.
Named after Leonard Fuchs botanical and were first described by Charles Plumier.
This plant is supported by the hummingbirds to pollinate the flowers and there is a relationship between the shape of flowers and pollen-producing stamens and these fine birds.
Some people use a technique for cold-sensitive varieties making pass the winter in a hole filled with dry peat after giving a drastic pruning the plant is reduced to a few roots and some stems.
These plants do not typically exceeds 2 meters in height (as usual are plants up to 1 meter), but there is a variety, Fuchsia excorticata it becomes a tree over 10 meters high.
Currently, many plants are grown in tree form (standard) and brought to market from containers of 2.5 liters, depending on the size of the plant with a trunk up to three feet tall and well branched crown, but are expensive and difficult to find because there is little demand, low production not to mention the work required to get that way from the beginning of apical cuttings.
the fuchsias are in the family Onagraceae.
the fuchsias are native to America (Chile and Mexico) and parts of Oceania, given his ability to hybridize new varieties include 8000 and the list increases every year by what many experts say the list is much broader and raise it to 15,000 varieties.